Chinese Rubbings Collection

Welcoming and banquet: Xiao tang shan Guo shi mu shi ci: Xiao zi tang: Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang: Guo Ju shi tang: Guo shi mu shi ke: Yan xiang, ying bin tu

Description:
Rubbing of pictorial images from rear wall of west chamber in the Xiaotangshan depicting host and guests at a banquet. Guests dine, and a procession of guests bow to the host. Two storey banquet hall with pillars on either side and phoenix and other birds on the roof.
Creation Date:
19th cent.-early 20th cent.
Extent:
58 x 162 cm.
Language:
No linguistic content
Genre:
rubbings
Digital Format:
Images
Subjects:
Xiaotangshan Shrine, Changqing Xian, Shandong Sheng, China
human figures
banquet halls
banquets
pillars
phoenix (mythical bird)
birds
lions
graffiti
shrine houses
shrines
tombs
filial piety
families
wall paintings
pictorial drawings
Culture:
Chinese
Style Period:
Eastern Han
Minguo
Qing
Materials/Techniques:
paper
ink
intaglio
Notes:
Citation/references: Chavannes, Edouard. Mission archaeologique dans la Chine septentrionale, 1909. v. 1, Pl. no. 45. ; Zhonghua shu xue da ci dian, 2000, p. 261 (Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang). ; Zhongguo hua xiang shi quan ji, 2000, V. 1, p. 36. ; Seigai Omua, Shina bijutsu-shi chosohen (History of Chinese art: sculpture), 1922, f. 110.
General note: Xiao tang shan: Xiaotang Shan (Xiaotang Mountain), also known as "Gui shan-- Tortoise Mountain" and "Wu shan-- Witch Mountain." Located south of Xiaolipu Village, 22 kilometers southwest of Changqing County, Shandong Province, China. ; Xiaotang Shan Shrine: Xiaotangshan Shrine is one of the earliest examples of funerary shrines recorded in Shuijingzhu (Shuijingzhu, also known as "Commentary to the River Classic," or "Commentary on the Classic of Waterways," written by the Northern Wei scholar Li Daoyuan (?-d.527). Xiaotangshan Shrine (some earlier studies identified it as "Guo lineage shrine," dated to the 1st century AD) is the only offering shrine from that time known to be still standing in its original form. During early China, as early as the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), funerary shrines were built atop the tombs of some upper nobility and feudal lords. In the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), funerary shrines and monumental towers became very popular, especially in Eastern Han (25 - 220 AD). Built of masonry, Xiaotangshan Shrine is a free standing building with single-eaved and hanging hill-shaped roof. It measures: 4.14 meters in length, 2.5 meters in width and 2.64 meters in height.
Historical: Shrine date: early Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), records indicating Xiaotangshan Shrine dated prior to 4th yr. of Yongjian, Eastern Han (129 AD).
Related site(s): Rear wall, lower left section, Western chamber
Inscription: Graffiti-like writing on pillars and beside some figures.
Repository:
Fine Arts Library, Special Collections, Harvard University
HOLLIS Record:
https://id.lib.harvard.edu/images/olvwork259780/urn-3:FHCL:1065341/catalog
Record ID:
W259780_urn-3:FHCL:1065341