Chinese Rubbings Collection

Mythology, stories-- Shen hua gu shi: Xiao tang shan Guo shi mu shi ci: Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang: Xiao zi tang: Guo Ju shi tang: Guo shi mu shi ke

Description:
Rubbing of pictorial images from upper section of the east wall of east chamber in the Xiaotangshan Shrine. Image contains 11 human figures (some carrying corpses on poles), 1 mythical figure, 1 dog and 1 monkey.
Creation Date:
19th cent.-early 20th cent.
Extent:
32 x 68.5 cm
Language:
No linguistic content
Genre:
rubbings
Digital Format:
Images
Subjects:
Xiaotangshan Shrine, Changqing Xian, Shandong Sheng, China
human figures
dogs
monkeys
legends
shrines
tombs
families
wall paintings
pictorial drawings
Culture:
Chinese
Style Period:
Eastern Han
Minguo
Qing
Materials/Techniques:
paper
ink
intaglio
Notes:
Citation/references: Chavannes, Edouard. Mission archaeologique dans la Chine septentrionale, 1909. Pl. no. 42. ; Zhongguo hua xiang shi quan ji, 2000, V. 1, Pl. no. 43. ; Zhonghua shu xue da ci dian, 2000, p. 261 (Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang). ; Zhongguo hua xiang shi quan ji, 2000, V. 1, p. 36. ; Seigai Omua, Shina bijutsu-shi chosohen (History of Chinese art: sculpture), 1922, f. 111.
General note: Rubbing is the top part of images on the east wall. ; Xiao tang shan: Xiaotang Shan (Xiaotang Mountain), also known as "Gui shan-- Tortoise Mountain" and "Wu shan-- Witch Mountain." Located south of Xiaolipu Village, 22 kilometers southwest of Changqing County, Shandong Province, China. ; Xiaotang Shan Shrine: Xiaotangshan Shrine is one of the earliest examples of funerary shrines recorded in Shuijingzhu (Shuijingzhu, also known as "Commentary to the River Classic," or "Commentary on the Classic of Waterways," written by the Northern Wei scholar Li Daoyuan (?-d.527). Xiaotangshan Shrine (some earlier studies identified it as "Guo lineage shrine," dated to the 1st century AD) is the only offering shrine from that time known to be still standing in its original form. During early China, as early as the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), funerary shrines were built atop the tombs of some upper nobility and feudal lords. In the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), funerary shrines and monumental towers became very popular, especially in Eastern Han (25 - 220 AD). Built of masonry, Xiaotangshan Shrine is a free standing building with single-eaved and hanging hill-shaped roof. It measures: 4.14 meters in length, 2.5 meters in width and 2.64 meters in height.
Historical: Shrine date: early Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), records indicating Xiaotangshan Shrine dated prior to 4th yr. of Yongjian, Eastern Han (129 AD).
Icon: Includes clothed figure with tail: popularly identified as Niuwa.
Repository:
Fine Arts Library, Special Collections, Harvard University
HOLLIS Record:
https://id.lib.harvard.edu/images/olvwork271393/urn-3:FHCL:409577/catalog
Record ID:
W271393_urn-3:FHCL:409577