Chinese Rubbings Collection

Welcoming: Che ma chu xing tu: Xiao tang shan Guo shi mu shi ci: Xiao zi tang: Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang: Guo Ju shi tang: Guo shi mu shi ke: Ying bin tu

Creation Date:
19th cent.-early 20th cent.
Description:
Rubbing of pictorial images from middle section of the east wall of east chamber in the Xiaotangshan depicting a procession. Image contains 4 rows of human figures, horses, chariots, mythical animals, birds; graffiti from later period.
Extent:
62 x 174 cm
Language:
No linguistic content
Genre:
rubbings
Digital Format:
Images
Subjects:
Xiaotangshan Shrine, Changqing Xian, Shandong Sheng, China
processions
horses
chariots
human figures
birds
graffiti
legends
goddesses
Animals mythical
shrine houses
filial piety
tombs
shrines
wall paintings
pictorial drawings
families
Culture:
Chinese
Style Period:
Han
Minguo
Qing
Materials/Techniques:
paper
ink
intaglio
Notes:
General note: R368.6 H872.5
Citation/references: Omura Seigai. Shina bijutsushi chosohen, 1915?, Pl. no. 111. ; Chavannes Edouard. Mission archeologique dans la Chine septentrionale, 1909, V. 1, Pl. no. 46. ; Zhongguo hua xiang shi quan ji, 2000, V. 1, Pl. no. 43. ; Zhonghua shu xue da ci dian, 2000, p. 261 (Xiao tang shan ci hua xiang).
General note: Xiao tang shan: Xiaotang Shan (Xiaotang Mountain), also known as "Gui shan-- Tortoise Mountain" and "Wu shan-- Witch Mountain." Located south of Xiaolipu Village, 22 kilometers southwest of Changqing County, Shandong Province, China. ; Xiaotang Shan Shrine: Xiaotangshan Shrine is one of the earliest examples of funerary shrines recorded in Shuijingzhu (Shuijingzhu, also known as "Commentary to the River Classic," or "Commentary on the Classic of Waterways," written by the Northern Wei scholar Li Daoyuan (?-d.527). Xiaotangshan Shrine (some earlier studies identified it as "Guo lineage shrine," dated to the 1st century AD) is the only offering shrine from that time known to be still standing in its original form. During early China, as early as the Warring States period (475-221 B.C.), funerary shrines were built atop the tombs of some upper nobility and feudal lords. In the Han Dynasty (206 BC-220 AD), funerary shrines and monumental towers became very popular, especially in Eastern Han (25 - 220 AD). Built of masonry, Xiaotangshan Shrine is a free standing building with single-eaved and hanging hill-shaped roof. It measures: 4.14 meters in length, 2.5 meters in width and 2.64 meters in height. ; Image includes Queen Mother of West (Xi wang mu) in the center of top row surrounded by 6 attendants. Both second and third rows portray riders and chariots marching toward east. Fourth row depicts standing officers.
Historical: Shrine date: early Eastern Han Dynasty (25-220 AD), records indicating Xiaotangshan Shrine dated prior to 4th yr. of Yongjian, Eastern Han (129 AD).
Repository:
Fine Arts Library, Special Collections, Harvard University
HOLLIS Record:
https://id.lib.harvard.edu/images/olvwork271394/urn-3:FHCL:904239/catalog
Record ID:
W271394_urn-3:FHCL:904239