Chinese Rubbings Collection

Hua sheng, Fei tian: Di wu ku xi bi fo kan bei ce hua sheng fei tian diao shi (shang, zhong)

Creator/Contributor:
Warner, Langdon, 1881-1955, American, associated name, donor
Creation Date:
1923-1925
Description:
Rubbing of 2 Buddhist figure images: "Hua sheng," seated Buddhist figure emerging from a lotus flower; "Gong yang tian," the "attendant deity" bodhisattva image kneeling on lotus flower and holding a plant, identified as "ren dong" (honeysuckle), in one hand. From: Gongxian Cave 5. west wall, upper and middle part of the northern section around votive niche.
Extent:
129 x 42 cm
Language:
No linguistic content
Genre:
rubbings
Digital Format:
Images
Subjects:
Buddhism
cave temples
lotuses
plants
human figures
female figures
niches
Culture:
Chinese
Style Period:
Northern Wei
Eastern Wei
Materials/Techniques:
paper
ink
relief
Places:
Gong Xian Caves, Gong Xian, Henan, China
Notes:
Citation/references: Gong Xian shi ku si (Zhongguo shi ku, v.2), 1989, pl. 191-192, f. 35; p. 270. ; Gong Xian shi ku si, 1963, pl. 333-334, p. 171.
General note: Gongxian cave temples: a set of 5 Buddhist grottoes (dated between 517-539), located 8 kms north of Gongxian (midway between Luoyang and Zhengzhou), Henan province. ; Hua sheng: aupapadaka (aupapaduka)-- metamorphosis, associated with direct 'birth' by metamorphosis; also means incarnation, a Buddhist term meaning the incarnate avatara of a deity. ; Gong yang tian: deva-- the celestial Bodhisattvas. The posture of the image--kneeling in adoration--suggests that this figure is one of the "attendant deity" bodhisattva images.
Historical: Cave 5 date: from 1st. yr. of Yongan (Northern Wei), to 2nd yr. of Yuanxiang, Eastern Wei (528-539).
Repository:
Fine Arts Library, Special Collections, Harvard University
HOLLIS Record:
https://id.lib.harvard.edu/images/olvwork283584/urn-3:FHCL:957805/catalog
Record ID:
W283584_urn-3:FHCL:957805